DIY Guide to Fly Fishing the Yampa River in Colorado

Running its course from the Flattops to the Green River, the Yampa River itself is quite an extensive waterway.

Winding its way through the high mountains across the high and dry rangeland and down through canyons, the fishing conditions for anglers vary nearly as much as the land surround the Yampa across its 250 miles of free-running water.

The Yampa River provides a breathtaking backdrop to your fly fishing expedition as should definitely be on your bucket list of places to fish.

Following highway 131 from the town of Steamboat the the titular town of Yampa allows you fairly unfettered access to the river itself, as well as the Bear River tributary and a good number of lakes and streams. Both White River National Forest and the Stagecoach State Park have loads of camping and public access to the banks for anglers of every stripe and preference.

Why fish on the Yampa? One word answer: rainbows. Over the past decade or so, the Yampa has been developing into some of the best water for landing trophy-sized rainbow trout. There are browns and cutthroats to be had as well, but the big rainbows are what have been drawing anglers to the area in recent years.

Yampa River Map, Fishing Access Sites and Boat Launches

map of fishing access spots on the Yampa River in Colorado

Get directions to fishing access points and real-time stream flow data with the DIY Fly Fishing Map

Best Places to Fish the Yampa River

The best spots along the Yampa for trophy fly fishing are definitely the headwaters up in the White River National Forest. The colder waters nearest the Flattops provide plenty of riffles, pocket water, and other ideal trout hiding and hunting places all along the headwaters and among the lakes, ponds, and streams that feed into the Yampa River and the tributary Bear River. Access is easy since Highway 131 follows the river here, and all of the land is public property.

Stagecoach State Park is another excellent location for hauling in rainbows, especially below the dam. Fishing here tends to be excellent year round thanks to the plentiful hatches and muddy banks that are an ideal breeding ground for the local fly population feeding the trout.

You can also fish right inside the town of Steamboat Springs, though you will want to look out for the local kayakers and rafters who like to set out on their own adventures from town as well.

For the angler who loves the wild, you can also make your way south to Cross Mountain in the wilderness study area. There are few better places to really get away from it all and enjoy some truly wild Colorado fly fishing.

Yampa River Flow and Current Conditions


  • Water Temp: 63.14 ° F
  • Flow: 103 ft³/s
  • Water Level: 1.35 ft

Best Time to Fish the Yampa River

Some of best hatches of the year are in the fall, which is to most anglers benefit since the summer adventure season is already winding down to a close and river is less crowded at this time of year. 

The water runs deep and slow along most of the Yampa in the fall, and even if you prefer to wade rather than float the water conditions are clear to 30 inches if it hasn’t been raining. Definitely plan to start your fishing around mid-morning though, as the fish aren’t really striking at much before then.

Yampa River Fishing Tips

Hatches on the Yampa include tricos and midges earlier in the year, and on gray days you can count on a large number of blue wings olives. Caddis and tricos are most active in the afternoons, and golden stoneflies are a good all day fly. Terrestrials patterns are effective on days where the water clarity is poor or the weather is cloudy.

A 9-foot 5-wt fly rod with floating line is perfect for fishing dry flies and small nymphs on the Yampa River. A tapered 9-foot leader, with tippet size 3X to 6X to match the flies you are throwing, is pretty standard.

Need Gear? 

Below are recommendations for essential gear to make the most of your time on the water.

Quality rod, reel, line and rod tube at a reasonable price. Backed by Orvis 25-yr guarantee, a brand you can trust.

High performance nylon leader, great for fishing Dry Flies, Nymphs and Streamers.

Excellent knot strength, stretch and suppleness make this the finest nylon tippet.  3-pack of the sizes you'll need the most.

Heavy duty, waterproof, yet breathable.  If you are tough on waders, these are for you. Backed by Simms Wader Warranty. If they leak, they got your back.

Most durable, yet comfortable, boot on the market.  Excellent foot and ankle support.  Great for rocky rivers. Lightweight and designed for all-day wear.

Sweet pack with ample storage. Unique harness system reduces neck strain. Sleek tapered face improves visibility - you can see your feet when wading!

Durable and lightweight. The carbon fiber frame floats.  Hooks don't get stuck in the rubber mesh bag . Extra length makes it easier to net fish.  Simply the best nets on the market.

Tough, waterproof and priced right. Hold 900+ flies in slotted foam.  If you need more storage - you have too many flies!

Simple, sharp nippers at great price. Clip on retractor keeps this must have gear at your fingertips.

Strong with a fine tip. Perfect for removing split shot and hooks. Simply the best fishing pliers.

The 580 Glass polarized lenses are super clear and somehow relaxing on the eyes.  Game changer.

Note: DIY Fly Fishing earns a commission (at no cost to you) on sales made using the links above. Thank you for your support!

Best Flies for Yampa River

Recommended fly patterns for the Yampa River include:

  • Indicator Parachute - Trico (natural #20)
  • BWO (tan #18)
  • RS2 (black #18-22)
  • Zonker (natural white)
  • Senyo’s Iced Out Sculpin (sculpin #6)
  • Flashback Baetis Nymph (black #18-20)
  • Tricos (black #18-24)
  • FB Pheasant Tail (natty #14-18)
  • Leeches (black/brown/olive #8-10)
  • Chubby Chernobyl (peach, tan #12-14)

Need flies? 

Ventures Fly Co. offers a great selection of dry flies, nymphs and streamers that will catch fish just about anywhere.  Set includes 40 high quality, hand-tied flies (see list below) and waterproof fly box. 

Dry Flies
- Adams Dry Fly
- Elk Hair Caddis
- Blue Wing Olive
- Royal Wulff
- Griffith's Gnat White
- Stimulator, Organge
- Chernobyl Ant

Nymphs/Wet Flies
- Rubber Leg Nymph, Brown
- BH Pheasant Tail Nymph
- BH Prince Nymph
- BH Hare's Ear Nymph
- Barr's Emerger Nymph
- Zebra Midge Nymph, Black

- Wooly Bugger, Black (Size #8x2)
- Wooly Bugger, Olive (Size #8x2)

Yampa River Fishing Reports

Yampa River Fishing Regulations

Standard Colorado Parks & Wildlife fishing regulations apply to most of the Yampa, though there are some stretches of private property to be aware of as you ply the banks.  Private property along the Yampa River tends to be well marked both at the edges of said property and on local maps. If you are looking for a big rainbow trophy with plenty of elbow room even during peak fishing season, the Yampa is definitely an excellent place to start.

Yampa River Trip Planning Tips

Flying into the Hayden airport is the best way to access the Yampa and surrounding towns. There are numerous accommodations to be had both near the airport and in Yampa, Steamboat Springs, and Stagecoach. 

Campers and outdoorsman can find plenty of public campgrounds for roughing it in a tent or for parking up the RV for the week or the weekend. Don’t forget to check local listings for vacation rentals in the area too, as private rental properties often yield excellent bargains on a place to stay in the off season such as the fall or winter.

Looking for more places to fish? Visit our DIY Guide to the Best Fly Fishing in Colorado.

Ken Sperry

About the author

Ken is an avid fisherman of 40+ years who loves to explore and find new places to fish. He created DIY Fly Fishing to help you do the same.

Get Directions to the Best Places to Fish in America!

Check out our interactive map of over 30,000 of the best places to fly fish in the US. Get directions to access points, boat ramps, and real-time USGS stream flow data. 

Get App