The Great Smoky Mountains National Park isn't just known in the United States, it's known all around the world, thanks to its historic mountain range. This range is home to a huge amount of wildlife, beautiful foliage, and of course, scenery that just can't be beaten.
Home to the native Southern Appalachian strain of brook trout, the Great Smoky Mountains contains more than 300 trout streams totaling over 700 miles. Encompassing over 500,000 acres, the Great Smoky Mountains National Park provides some of the best small stream wild trout fishing in the Southeastern United States. The park actually sits in two different states, Tennessee and North Carolina. No matter which state you visit from, you're in for a fabulous experience.
The Great Smoky Mountains National Park is the most visited national park in the country and for good reason - it is a beautiful place! This national park has four distinct seasons, giving visitors the opportunity to enjoy warm, sunny days in the middle of summer, right through to heavy snowfalls that blanket the streams, rivers, and mountains in the winter.
Fly Fishing in the Smokies
Among all the other outdoor activities and adventures, fly fishing is one of the top sports to enjoy in the park. There are remote headwater streams that require a hike to reach and those that are a bit "easier" to fish with ample road-side access. The opportunities are as diverse as the landscape itself.
Great Smoky Mountains Trout Streams
Most Smoky Mountains trout streams average 10 to 30 feet in width, running clear and swift. In the higher elevations the streams are steep and strewn with boulders. Down slope as the gradient lessens they are characterized by large pools and deep runs.
Probably the hardest part about visiting the Great Smoky Mountains National Park is narrowing it down to just a few top places for fly fishing. The shear number of trout streams in the Great Smoky Mountains National Park is a bit overwhelming. Remember that you’ve got some streams on the Tennessee side and some on the North Carolina side.
Great Smoky Mountains Trout Stream Map
Get the DIY Fly Fishing Web App to get turn-by-turn directions to the access points shown on the map above.
Here’s a look at some of the best trout streams on both sides of the park, so no matter which side you happen to be visiting, you’ll be off to a great start with some suggestions.
Best Places to Fish in the Smokies
Let’s take a look at some of the top places for fly fishing within Great Smoky Mountains National Park.
Hazel Creek Watershed, North Carolina
This is a very popular creek on the North Carolina side of the park despite its' remote location. It is located near Fontana Lake, and the creek offers both brown and rainbow trout. Sometimes you'll get really lucky and find smallmouth bass, but these tend to be near the lower end. It's not unusual to find brook trout in the headwaters either. What anglers like about this location is that as far as skill level goes, this creek is relatively easy to fish. Not only that, but the creek tends to produce fish that are above average in size.
Twentymile Creek Watershed, North Carolina
This particular creek isn't as popular, but that doesn't mean it's not a great spot for fly fishing. You'll find this creek extremely easy to access, making it great for a day trip. Typically you'll find rainbow trout in the creek, but from time to time you'll be able to catch brown trout since they are stocked. What anglers like about this location is how quiet it is and the fact you won’t be dealing with crowds, even during peak fishing season. If you’re looking for more of a challenge, there are areas of the creek that will definitely require advance angling skills and techniques.
Abrams Creek Watershed, Tennessee
If you ask anglers what their favorite spot in the park is, time and time again the name Abrams Creek will come up. Not only is the water excellent for fishing in, the quality of the fish is also extremely high.
Another feature to note is that this stream is much larger than some of the other ones in the park. Typically the waters are challenging, but in all the right ways. And when you do catch a fish, which tends to be rainbow trout, you'll find the size is quite impressive.
Middle Prong of the Little River, Tennessee
If you like the idea of a smaller stream that still offers challenges and beautiful scenery, then Middle Prong of the Little River may be exactly what you are looking for. It's made up of two tributary streams and is usually pretty accessible.
As for the fish you'll find, it's mainly rainbow trout but you can find the occasional brook and/or brown trout. As far as the size goes for the fish, they are usually above average which makes anglers quite happy.
Overall this stream is quite easy to fish and because of that you'll find it gets pretty busy during peak season. For some anglers the crowds are too heavy. As well, the river is sometimes used by tubers during the summer months, which can certainly interfere with your fishing.
Best Time for Fly Fishing in Smoky Mountains
Fly fishing in the Great Smoky Mountains National Park occurs year-round, which means you can't pick a wrong time to visit. Granted, there are times of the year where the fishing will be a bit better and easier. Also keep in mind that you will need to make adjustments to your technique, strategy, and possibly equipment based on the time of year.
The weather in the Great Smoky Mountains National Park will change throughout the year, so depending on the conditions you like best, it may help to determine when you want to fish. Some find the winter months a bit too damp and chilly, while others find the summer months too muggy and hot. It’s really about personal preference.
The Smokies are known for a rather large amount of aquatic insects and the fact that hatches are happening year-round. This is what helps to keep the fishing so great no matter what time of year you visit.
Best Gear for Fly Fishing in the Smokies
Each person has their own preference when it comes to fly fishing equipment, but here are some tips that the experts recommend that can help to make your visit more successful.
Best Fly Rod for Small Streams
In the Smokies, 7'-8.5' rods are usually the best option, with a weight anywhere from three to six. You'll find that you are casting short distances here, which makes a big impact in the rod you select.
Waders Versus Wet Wading
Fishing from shore and wading are typically the most popular means of fly fishing in the Smokies. A good pair of chest waders can be useful in the spring and fall, but in the summer they will be too hot to wear.
Neutral Color Clothing and Good Sunglasses
It's also said that the fish here spook very easily, so you don't want to be seen. With that in mind choose clothing that blends with the surroundings and doesn't really stand out. The water is not always crystal clear either, which means polarized sunglasses can help you to cut through the glare and the murkiness of the water.
Best Flies to Match the Hatch
As mentioned, seasoned anglers will attest that picking the best flies has to do with the bug hatches at that time of year. Trying to mimic what the fish is eating at that time can prove to be extremely successful. If you’re unsure of the hatches taking place you can always visit a local fly shop that will offer flies that work not just for that region, but also for the season.
Great Smoky Mountains National Park Fishing Regulations
If you plan on fishing in the Great Smoky Mountains National Park you will need to have a valid fishing permit or a valid fishing license from either the state of Tennessee or North Carolina. This applies to all people who are 16 years of age and older. You can purchase either a resident or a non-resident license for a period of 10 days or one year. It’s also important to know there are limits and restrictions on how much you can catch, the size of the fish, and even the lures that you use. It’s wise to do a little research before visiting.
The Great Smoky Mountains National Park makes for a wonderful location for your next fly fishing adventure. You’ll be able to check out streams, rivers, creeks, ponds, and lakes on both sides of the park (North Carolina and Tennessee), giving you the opportunity to compare and really find that favorite fishing spot. Just be sure you familiarize yourself with the restrictions and regulations of the park before you head out on your adventure.
Visiting Great Smoky Mountain National Park
Begin your exploration of the park at a visitor center. Here you can pick up a park map or newspaper, have your questions answered by a ranger, and purchase books and guides to the park.
There are two main visitor centers inside the park, Sugarlands Vistor Center near the Gatlinburg, Tennessee entrance to the park and Oconaluftee Visitor Center near Cherokee, North Carolina at the eastern entrance to the park. These and other visitor centers are shown on the map above (blue information icon).
U.S. Highway 441 (known in the park as Newfound Gap Road) bisects the park, providing automobile access to many trailheads and overlooks, most notably that of Newfound Gap. At an elevation of 5,048 feet, it is the lowest gap in the mountains and is situated near the center of the park, on the Tennessee/North Carolina state line, halfway between the border towns of Gatlinburg and Cherokee.